To celebrate the bond of marriage there are various ceremonies that are stepped in culture and tradition of Muslim weddings. Every ritual in Muslim wedding is self-contained with uniqueness and cultural affluence. Fun, joy and laughter are the essential parts of Muslim wedding and each and every ceremony is made grand through celebrations and lavish feast. Wedding invitations and cards are distributed 7-15 days prior to wedding.
Pre wedding ceremonies in Muslim wedding:
There are numerous pre wedding rituals which mark the start of wedding. The first pre wedding ceremony begins with Istikhara. Religious heads ask for Allah’s consent to perform the wedding in this ceremony. Immediately after this boy’s mother visits bride’s house with Imam-Zamin. It is either a silver or gold coin which is presented in silk cloth and this in tied in girl’s arm. After this ceremony there is Mangni, where in Groom family visits bride’s house with fruits and sweets.
Manjha and Haldi ritual
There is Manjha ritual where in all the relatives of the bride apply turmeric paste to add glow on bride’s face. Bride is supposed to wear yellow clothes on this special ceremony. After completion of this ceremony bride is supposed to stay indoors till the wedding day. Mehendi function is celebrated on the eve of wedding wherein henna is applied on the feets and hands of the bride which gives an added beauty and color to the bride on the day of wedding.
Last pre wedding ceremony is Sanchaq in which groom’s family offers jewelry and clothes for the bride that the bride is supposed to wear at the time of chauthi and Nikah.
Main wedding ritual
Nikah is the main wedding ritual where two heads represents two families and perform the ceremony. Mehar is given to the bride by the groom’s family. After this, Maulavi asks for the declaration of groom and bride thrice for their consent to wedding. Nikahnama is signed by the couple to legalize the wedding. After the completion of actual wedding maulavis recite khutba, bride and groom are showered with blessings which are ultimately followed by the lavish dinner. Couple see each other for the first time at the time of Aarsi Mushaf where mirror and Holy Quran is placed and their heads are covered with a piece of cloth.
Post wedding rituals:
Rukhsat commence the post wedding customs where the family of bride bids good bye to the bride. Groom’s mother welcomes bride by placing a Holy book Quran above her head as the bride enters the house for the first time. After this, groom’s family hosts Grand feast or Valima for celebrating the wedding. There is an official ceremony called Chauthi in which the couple visits bride’s family on the fourth day of wedding as a married couple.
Vows and blessings:
Recitation of fatihah, foremost chapter in Quran is the religious ceremony which is followed by nikah. Muslim couples do not recite vows; they only listen about the meaning and their responsibilities to each other and to Allah.