Child marriage is a truly global problem that transcends countries, cultures and religions. Child brides can be found in all regions of the world, from the Middle East to Latin America, Southeast Asia to Europe.
Child marriage is most common in poor rural communities. In many areas the parents, without telling their daughter; arrange her marriage and send her to live in another village with her husband and his family - the foreigners, basically. And due to early marriage the girl suffers the health complications associated with sexual activity and teen pregnancy.
Why child marriage happened and Precautions to be taken?
Child marriage is a traditional practice that happens in many places simply because it happened for generations - and away from tradition could mean exclusion from the community.
In many communities where child marriage is practiced, girls are not valued as much as boys or we can say that they are considered as a burden. The challenge will be to change the attitudes of parents and emphasize that girls who avoid early marriage and remain in school will probably be able to make a greater contribution to their families and communities in the long term. To overcome these problems the community development centers are useful.
When the family is too poor to treat their daughters well, they opted to get their daughters married in order to reduce family expenses, ensuring one less person to feed, clothe and educate. In communities where dowry or "bride price" is paid, it is often a ‘welcome income’ for poor families. In the families where bride’s family pay dowry to groom, often less amount is paid if the bride is young and uneducated.
Many parents get their daughter married in order to ensure security in areas where the risk of physical or sexual assault is more.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE?
Child brides are often helpless, dependent on their husbands and deprived of basic health, education and security rights. They are not physically or emotionally ready to become wives and mothers. Moreover, they are at greater risk of dangerous complications during pregnancy and childbirth. They also become the victims of HIV / AIDS and domestic violence.
Child marriage FACTS:
- Over 30% of today's women are married before the age of 18.
- If there is no reduction in child marriage, additional $ 1.2 billion girls will be married by 2050.
- Some brides are as young as eight or nine years.
- Most teenage pregnancies (90%) occur within child marriage.
- Pregnancy and childbirth complications among the age of 15-19 are higher in low and middle-income societies.
Strategy Areas are used to illustrate the types of effective interventions:
- Empower girls
- PROGRAMS safe space
- SUPPORT YOUNG change agents
- MOBILIZE families and communities
- PROVIDE SERVICES
- Establish and implement laws and policies
Child marriage causes are poverty, dowry, cultural traditions, social and religious pressures, regional customs, fear being alone, illiteracy and the apparent inability of women to work for money. To secure the girl child from violence, medical camps should be there. With little access to education and economic opportunity, by opening formal schools or vocational training centers, girl can be made to live their life independently.