Dowry and Payments in Islamic Marriage 

Dowry and Payments in Islamic Marriage

A Muslim Wedding is governed by the Qur'an and Hadith which addresses the family structure in Islam. All the procedure is codified as per rules. The Dowry and Payments in Islamic Marriage is known as mahr which is given by the would-be groom to his would-be bride. It is paid to Muslim brides as the mark of respect and honor. It denotes that the groom is indeed willing to put effort to marry her and that he is enacting the marriage contract with the obligation and the due responsibility.

  • Mahr or Dowry
It is established fact that the dowry is obligatory Muslim Weddings. The shurut or arkaan is specified in agreement with amount. The marriage contract doesn’t have dowry as its part, though its bride’s right. The Qur'an contains a verse specifying divorces wherein dowry is not in agreement. It’s but obvious that a wedding has to take place first before a situation for divorce arises. To do away with the possibility of a misunderstanding later, the mahr amount must be mentioned at the phase of wedding itself. It must be understood by all concerned parties. Any dispute arising out of this are expected to be resolved in accordance with provided rules.


  • Shart or Rukn
The rukn or shart of a wedding is dowry which denotes it is a gift of an amount, property and possessions given by the boy’s to the Muslim bride, and becomes her own property. It is a mark of her freedom, as she owns the amount and property at once. It is not mandatory for her to own anything prior to this. It also may not have anything to do with the parents of both. Sometimes, the groom may have to avail a loan. It has only to be done with the goal of payback. It is meant as a mark of the groom's willingness to accept the responsibility of undertaking every needful spending of his bride. Hence, it is possessed only by the Muslim brides. This provision ensures the security of the wedding for any arising difficulty. 


  • Jahaz or dowry:
It is not part of Islam as giving jahaz or dowry. It is seen to be on the rise in many Muslim cultures. As such, it is a trend which has never been allowed by Islam and may not be practiced by Muslims of other cultures. Islam permits daughters a lawful share in their ancestral inheritance and property. The Islamic religion does not believe that women are property of their families and cannot be traded in this fashion. It is a demeaning practice. As an amount of money demanded from the bridegroom or his family from the bride or her family, as usual the bride's father and the daughter may not be given in wedding. The trends of fathers providing the bride gifts of property or money, throwing the enormous marriage feast, or giving a house, or setting her up in her a house with furnishing are at the to the judgment of the individuals involved as per Islam. 

 
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