The North Indians states including Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan accommodates the Jat community people. They are also rooted in Pakistan’s Sindh region. In the medieval times the Jats shifted to the Gangetic Plain areas of the Delhi territory and the north-eastern Rajputana areas. The majority of the community members were busy in agriculture but are now shifting to various different professional activities. Jats respect elderly person in their society irrespective of the financial condition of the individual.
Jat Social Customs Advantages:
The Jat social customs which are followed by the community members does have its advantages. The purity of race is maintained by their matrimonial customs. The next generation’s health is promoted by the marriages within the Jat community itself. The boys give regard to the girls from the same village, as they are considered sisters. Further, it is an obligation to permit widow-marriage in the Jat community, which is known as karewa. But the widows having children are not encouraged to remarry and are supported financially by the husband’s relatives. The Jats live in the large joint families who share the same hearth. As the modernity is taking roots, community members are finding the work away from their home and system of joint family is weakening.
Jat Wedding Traditions:
The Jat community weddings traditions have rigid rituals and the community members follow them religiously. The Jat matrimony alliances must belong to same community. The non-Jat marriages are unacceptable. Presently, brides from the non-Jat communities are accepted but the community members do not encourage them. It is a taboo for a Jat girl to wed outside the community, which is considered a disgrace. ‘Gotra’ also is an important factor as the bride and groom can’t belong to same gotra who are considered as sister and brother. Also, if the boy and girl are of different gotras but are from same village, their alliance is not permitted according to the Jat matrimony customs.
The Jat Wedding Rituals:
The Jat weddings have Pre-wedding rituals, main wedding and the post wedding rituals which are based on the traditional Vedic rituals. The wedding ceremonies contain pre- wedding ritual called Sagai or the engagement ceremony. The ‘Anguthi Pahnana’ or the ring ceremony is also part of this. Several other rituals concerning both families start almost one month prior to main wedding. The Main wedding ceremony is highlighted by ‘Kanyadan’ ceremony and ‘Sat Pheras’ and the “Varmala’ with host of the other rituals. The post-wedding rituals include mainly ‘Vidai’, ‘Dwar Rukai’ and ‘Grah Pravesh’ with several other accompanying rituals. The Jat wedding theme is based on the strict traditions and usually is vibrant affairs.
The Jat wedding receptions are marked by vegetarian food containing local delicacies, variety of sweets and deserts and traditional drinks. There is dance on the dholak music beats and a lot of bonhomie. Also, nowadays photography and video recording are the accepted modern norms in the Jat community as well, during the wedding as well as the reception proceedings.